The European Spa Etiquette

Many naturists take their first steps into social nudity at the nude beach. But in parts of western Europe, another phenomenon is quickly becoming the new number one place where people get naked with strangers for the first time. Or even with friends. Especially in countries like Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands, the wellness or spa center has proven to be a great stepping stone for naturism.


Of course, these countries are not particularly known for having year-round great weather and perfect nude beach days are rather limited. Spa centers, on the other hand, are great to visit on a rainy day. With lots of indoor facilities to keep you warm. And even on sunny days, the outside pools are refreshing and the garden is excellent for working on your tan without sand crawling into places where it’s not supposed to be.

The European Spa Etiquette

The European Spa culture

Public baths were already popular in the times of the Greeks, the Romans, and the Ottomans. They served mostly as a central place for people to wash (water supply networks weren’t really a thing in those days), but also as a social meeting place. Back brushes weren’t a thing either, so it probably came in handy if you could ask someone to cover the parts that you can’t reach. During the dark ages that followed, this habit of communal bathing pretty much got completely lost.


It took until the 19th century before a revival came. People started to realize that minerals have quite some health benefits and the rich and famous of that time started building magnificent buildings around thermal water sources. Another name for a spa center is “thermen”, by the way, which comes from thermal water.


The Germans, known for their relaxed attitude towards nudity, were the first to start visiting these communal bathing houses without a bathing suit. It took a while until other countries followed. Until the eighties, if you could find a naked spa anywhere else in Europe, you were much more likely to receive an indecent proposal than a back scrub.

The European Spa Etiquette

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The spa today

A lot has changed during the last decades. Just like the early adopters of the spa were looking for physical health benefits, people now are looking for mental health. The rat race became overwhelming. Stress, burnouts, bore outs, and depressions started to be more frequent and it was certain that a getaway from reality was much needed. The spa brought the answer. A couple of hours away from the world, with nothing than your bare body. Soaking in water, sweating in a sauna, and getting a good old pampering.


Thanks to this new interest, the spa centers started expanding. Today, the average European spa has one or more swimming pools, jacuzzis, steam baths, steam rooms, hammams, cold baths, warm baths, saunas, and an endless list of massages. If you don’t walk out of the spa completely zen, you must have been doing something completely wrong.

The European Spa Etiquette

The spa etiquette

Meanwhile, several European countries have copied the nude spa culture from Germany. In Belgium and the Netherlands, you’ll find more nude spas than clothed ones. Also Austria, Switzerland, and several eastern European countries have spas where clothes are not an option. If you’re planning to visit one, here are some good tips.


The spa doesn’t equal naturism

Many naturists like to go to the nude spa when the weather doesn’t allow them to go to a resort or nude beach. But certainly not everyone who visits a spa considers him/herself a naturist. The question “So, how long have you been naturist?” might result in weird frowns.


Nude is not nude all the time

The general principle at a nude spa is not that it’s mandatory nude, but rather that bathing suits are prohibited. So don’t be surprised if you see visitors wear a bathrobe or wrap around a towel when moving from one facility to another. If the place has a bar or restaurant, you’ll likely be required to cover up when you want to drink or eat something.

The European Spa Etiquette

You can leave the sauna when you want to

Different saunas often have different temperatures. And we can tell you, some are really awfully hot. The best thing you can do is take one of the lower benches, as heat tends to move to the ceiling. And lay down, so your muscles are completely relaxed. But also remember: It’s not a competition. If you feel like you’re going to pass out before the hourglass is turned around, do leave!


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Don’t forget to close the door

Ever seen a very upset naked European? Try leaving the door of the sauna open after you exit. It takes a while to heat these things up, so warmth is very precious. If you hear someone yelling “this is not a church!”, it means that you didn’t close the door fast enough.


Be on time for the Aufguss

If there is one thing you really need to experience at a spa, it’s the “Aufguss”. This is like a regular sauna session, except that it has a “sauna master” who puts water on the stones and adds different scents. Often in combination with different sounds. It is meant to bring you into different stages of relaxation. Important to mention is that these sessions tend to be very popular, so be on time if you want a good spot.

The European Spa Etiquette

Massages are naked too

We’ve already written a complete blog post about nude massages, so we’ll keep it short here. When you have a massage, you will be asked to remove your towel or bathrobe. This is completely normal. The therapist will most likely remain clothed.


Not the whole place is interested in your conversations

As this is a place where people come to relax, try to keep the sound of your voice to a minimum. We get that you are excited about this spa experience, but nobody wants to hear how you keep raving about it to your friend. Whispering is perfect.


Drink lots (and water too)

You’d be surprised about how much sweat your body can lose just by being a couple of minutes inside a sauna. Make sure not to get dehydrated. Most places will recommend not to drink alcohol. We don’t really agree with that. Nothing beats a good glass of wine (or two) during an afternoon of relaxation. But make sure to drink water as well.
Slightly related, if you drink lots of water, don’t pee in the pool.

The European Spa Etiquette


Take lots of showers

You’d be surprised about how much sweat your body can lose just by being a couple of minutes inside a sauna. Don’t just jump from the sauna into the pool, have a shower first. Basically, the rule is to have a shower before you enter and one afterward.


Beware of clothed days

Many spas organize a clothed day once per week or month. During those days, bathing suits are allowed and often mandatory. These days are basically meant to give people who feel uncomfortable naked the chance to also enjoy the spa once in a while. Personally, we think that they just exist to give people the experience of how uncomfortable wearing a bathing suit in a sauna or jacuzzi really is. Anyway, you want to avoid these days.


Relax… this is what it’s all about

Did we stress you out with all these tips? Perfect, then it’s time for you to hit the spa! Don’t worry too much about everything we mentioned here. Most of it is really common sense. If you remember to shower, to not annoy the other visitors, and to not pee in the pool, you’ll be doing great!


PICTURE CREDIT: Images by Sora Shimazaki, Andrea Piacquadio, Alan Caishan, and ourselves.

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8 thoughts on “The European Spa Etiquette”

  1. My own first social nude experience was at a naturist spa in Birmingham (England). It’s much smaller than the big European spas you’re describing here, one sauna, one steam room and a hot tub and no pool. But it is a brilliant place. With real care and attention out in to every aspect from the design and most importantly the staff who are fantastic.

    It was nerve wracking going in. I sat in my car in the car park for a little while and nearly drove away again, but I went ahead and went in and I’m so glad I did. It was literally a life changing experience.

    If you’ve never been socially nude before I think a spa is a great place to (literally and metaphorically) dip your toe in. You’ve very little to lose. If you don’t enjoy the experience just get dressed and leave, but I think, like me, you would be hooked for life.

    • We definitely recognize the nervous feeling. Our first social nude experience was also at a spa. When we saw all the cars in the parking lot, we suddenly realized that we wouldn’t be alone there. That we would be naked among a lot of strangers. But, as you mention, it’s a step you just need to take. And it’s a great experience.

  2. Another well written article might come in handy when we get to travel to europe again or to a spa some where else are the nude type spas also in spain. have been to copenhagen and spain with stops in france and a couple days in Italy. so plenty of places to check on a relaxing day at the spa. we did spend a couple days at the nude beaches in spain but did not even think of a spa visit. thanks for a good article with some great points.

    • The concept of the nude spa is not really known in Spain, or in most other southern European countries. It seems to be more a thing in eastern and northern Europe. Which makes sense, because they get less nice weather to enjoy naturism outdoor 🙂

  3. This is great, thank you so much. have any recommendations? We are leaning towards Germany but wherever is going to get us the best experience for value (it’s a big expense trip to Europe from Canada just in flights)

    • We can definitely give you some recommendations. We haven’t personally visited every place in the below list, but all these places have been recommended to us by some of Europe’s most renowned sauna masters. So they’ll definitely be good 🙂

      – Thermen Mineraal: large variety in massages and treatments.
      – Thermae Boetfort: Stunning castle estate
      – Elaisa Energetic Wellness: modern design and holistic approach.

      – Fort Resort Beemster: One of the most luxurious spa centers in the Netherlands, very eco
      – Thermen Bussloo: Several practices from around the world: Russian Banja sauna, Asian sauna, a traditional Finnish sauna, Ayurvedic massages from India, …
      – Thermae 2000: Largest spa centre in the Netherlands.

      – Satama sauna resort: Augfuss sessions are known to be real shows.
      – Therme Erding: The world’s largest spa.
      – Kristall Therme trimini: Famous for its location and architecture.

  4. I have been to a European style spa in Texas, but they have sex-segregated nude areas with differing pools. You are required to be clothed when in the coed areas. Are these that you are mentioning the same way or are they completely nude?

    • Spa centers in Europe are mixed gender. You can be naked in the whole place except for the bar/restaurant, but you’re also allowed to wear a towel or bathrobe between facilities if you’re not comfortable walking around naked. Inside the facilities, you need to be naked, of course.


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